Why is the Gaza Strip called the biggest prison in the world?
The Israeli air force continues to bombard Gaza. One building after another and one neighbor after another are being targeted by bombing. This situation started after the unprecedented attacks on Israel by the Palestinian resistance group Hamas.
So far, more than 7,000 people have been killed in this two-sided war. It is feared that the war will expand, because Israel is intensifying its retaliation against the people of Gaza.
Gaza, which has been repeatedly bombarded by Israel, has been destroyed by the Israeli army for decades.
What is its shape, what is its geography? What is its importance and who are the people living here and why is it called the world’s largest open prison?
Get answers to all these questions through this article.
What is the Gaza Strip?
It is a 40 kilometer piece of land sandwiched between Israel and Egypt.
Along with Gaza, there is the Palestinian Territory of the West Bank, both of which are Gaza and the West Bank, both of which have been at the center of conflict for decades.
Israel has already blockaded Gaza City, a blockade that has been in place for many years, due to which barriers, fences, and other barriers are erected around Gaza.
Hamas has been in control of the Gaza Strip since 2007, since then Israel has besieged it and turned it into an open and large prison in the world, which is not allowed to come and go on one side, and is bombarded by Israel on the other. Lives under the influence of
Importantly, all routes out of Gaza, including the connected coastline, are under Israeli forced occupation.
How was the Gaza Strip created?
The Gaza Strip remained a part of the Ottoman Caliphate until 1917, and then in 1917 its control passed to Britain.
When Israel was established in 1948, thousands of Palestinian refugees were pushed into Gaza. Now his heirs live in the besieged Gaza and then in the same year the Gaza Strip became part of Egypt.
Twenty years later, in 1967, Israel went to war against Egypt, Jordan and Syria, and Israel occupied Gaza. Meanwhile, Jerusalem and the West Bank were also occupied by Israel.
The Palestinians claim that these three areas are part of their future Palestinian state, which Israel has occupied for more than thirty years and has built Jewish settlements.
Between 1987 and 1993, the Palestinian Intifada emerged in Gaza and this resistance spread throughout Gaza and the West Bank.
In the 1990s, the Oslo Peace Process began. As a result, the demand for a Palestinian state came out in the form of the Palestinian Authority. After this agreement, Gaza and the West Bank did not get independence, but they got partial relief.
However, in 2005, Israel had to relinquish its control over Gaza due to the Intifada. For this reason, Israel removed 9000 Jewish settlers from Gaza and also withdrew the Israeli army.
Palestinian Authority elections were held the following year, and Hamas won the election from Mohammed Abbas’ Fatah group. Control of the city fell to the elected government of Hamas.
But after that, the Palestinian Authority, which is headed by Mahmoud Abbas, did not hold elections again to prevent Hamas from winning again.
Israel, on the other hand, imposed a siege on Gaza after Hamas took control, claiming that this would prevent the supply of weapons to the militants.
Israel’s siege has been criticized by the United Nations and other human rights groups as de facto Israeli occupation.
Who lives in Gaza?
Gaza is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. It has a population of 23 lakhs, half of these 23 lakhs are children.
According to UNICEF, nearly one million children live in Gaza, they are under the age of 15 and make up 40% of the total population.
According to the World Bank, Gaza is among the regions with the worst unemployment in the world, while 80 percent of the people living in Gaza are living in extreme poverty.
They are not only deprived of clean drinking water, electricity, and adequate food, but they are also facing a very bad situation in terms of medical facilities.
Why is it called an open prison?
Human Rights Watch has named Gaza as the world’s largest open prison. According to the Israeli Human Rights Organization, the Israeli army generally prevents Palestinians from entering or leaving Gaza.